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Country facts

Denmark is a small country, compared to its closest neighbours. Sweden and Germany are respectively ten and eight times larger than Denmark. On the other hand, Denmark’s coastline is extraordinarily long for a country of this size.

One characteristic of Denmark’s geography is the many islands, a total of 407. The largest islands are, mentioned in chronological order; Zealand, Vendsyssel-Thy, Funen, Lolland and Bornholm. Jutland (including Vendsyssel-Thy) account for 70 per cent of Denmark’s total area. In addition to Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmark includes the self-governing areas of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The ice-free part of Greenland is almost ten times larger than Denmark.


5.840.044 (2021)


Total: 43.560 sq km
Water: 660 sq km
Coast line: 7.314 km.

Note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Zealand and Funen), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 81.5 years (2020)
Male: 79.5 years
Female: 83.6 years

GDP in Mill $

  • $306,143 (2016 est.)
  • $301,308 (2015 est.)
  • $352,297 (2014 est.)

GDP growth (%)

  • 2.0 % (2016 est.)
  • 1.6 % (2015 est.)
  • 1.6 % (2014 est.)

Note: data are in 2016 US dollars

GDP - per capita ($)

  • $53,254(2016 est.)
  • $53,237(2015 est.)
  • $62,606 (2014 est.)

Note: data are in 2016 US dollars


UN, OECD, EU, Nato, Schengen, OSCE, IMF, WTO and others.

For more information and statistics on Denmark visit